The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), in collaboration with the World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), will embark on a National Agriculture Sample Census (NASC) in Nigeria after 28 years. The move aims to ensure that agricultural yield data in the country is accurate.
Director of Demography and Household Statistics Department of the BNS, Mr. Adeyemi Adeniran, said the census was essential as it would involve enumeration of all agricultural activities in the country, including agricultural production, fishing , forestry and animal husbandry.
Speaking at a stakeholder sensitization workshop on National Agricultural Census by Sample in Keffi, Nasarawa State, Adeniran said agricultural census should be conducted every five to 10 years as per the standards of FAO.
However, he noted that the last census cycle was carried out in 1993/94, while several attempts that were made to carry out another census after the last one were unsuccessful.
“The census is a complete enumeration of all agricultural activities in the country.
“This enumeration includes both smallholder farmers and large farms.
“Smallholders will be surveyed through households, while corporate farms will be through our framework for conducting establishment surveys.
“The implementation of the exercise will be done in two phases, the first being the registration phase and the second being the sample survey phase.
“In the first phase, investigators will visit selected farms and agricultural households to collect information.
“The scope of information to be collected in this phase includes farmer demographic details, type of agricultural activity (crop production, fishing, poultry or livestock), commodity or product type (e.g. rice, maize, sorghum , chicken, or cow), and details of contact persons,” he said.
He also explained that during the second phase, a sample of the holdings listed under the first phase would be taken, while more detailed information would be collected.
“In addition to the information collected in the first phase, data such as farm size, cultivated area, total yield, type of farming practices, inputs and challenges, among others, will be collected.
“For the first time in Nigeria, the whole process will be done digitally.
“The NBS has already planned with the National Population Commission (NPC) to secure the newly delineated digital count maps of the entire country.
“These newly sculpted maps will serve as the basis for segmenting the areas we intend to visit for this mission.
“With these new digital maps, which will be complemented by satellite imagery, the process of identifying agricultural areas and communities will be much easier, making the segmentation process more efficient and cost effective,” Adeniran said.
Earlier, the Chairman of the Board of the Bureau, Dr. Kabiru Nakaura, highlighted the need for data in the agricultural sector, saying that without adequate information on the activities of the sector, Nigerians would not know the amount of food they are consuming at any given time. given time.
Source: Agro Nigeria